Female breast sung by artists, sculptors, poets, as a symbol of eternal femininity, motherhood and beauty. However, for many women it is a cause of constant worry – someone stung by the fact that the breast is not large enough or not beautiful enough, someone concerned about the problem of feeding the baby, and almost all women are afraid of such terrible and more common diseases such as breast cancer .
But often, instead of visiting a doctor and undergo a medical examination, women prefer to discuss the issue among themselves, trusting enough competent publications in glossy magazines or myths common among friends. The most popular myths are concerned and doctors – trusting them, we can lose time, and breast cancer is treated more successfully than ever before it is detected. So what are the myths should not be taken seriously?
Myth 1: Being at risk – so by all means of getting breast cancer.
Unfortunately, no one is safe from breast cancer. However, we must know fairly significant risk factors . If you smoke, abuse alcohol if you started menstruating before age 12, and 50 are not over if you wait too long to give birth to 30 years, the risk of disease increases. But a genetic predisposition to breast cancer does not mean that you are bound to them sick.
Myth 2. The family no one was sick with cancer – so nothing to worry about.
The fundamentally wrong. Every woman can breast cancer. Studies show that 85% of infected women do not have a hereditary predisposition. That is why it is important to be screened regularly.
Myth 3: Breast cancer is passed only through the mother.
It is known that breast cancer and passed through the male line. Male breast cancer is associated mainly with the gene BRCA-2. Therefore, your doctor should know about all the cases of breast cancer, both the male and the female line.
Myth 4. No menopause – can not be breast cancer.
With age, the risk increases, but you must always be vigilant. Doctors recommend regular mammograms starting place with 40 years, but if there is a genetic predisposition, it is best to start early.
Generally, mammogrammma – ideal just for women up to 40 years because they have breast tissue more dense. Consult your doctor what is best for you:. Ultrasound or mammography
. Myth 5. The lower chest, the lower the risk of developing the disease
Unfortunately, size does not matter – any woman with any breast size can be ill with breast cancer .
Myth 6. Hormone therapy – the cause of breast cancer.
it is believed that the hormones estrogen and progesterone are involved in the development of breast cancer. That’s true, but only partly. The disease can occur in two cases: if you have been on hormone therapy less than a month, or more than five months. So be careful. And again: estrogen hormone therapy is only suitable for women with hysterectomy. Estrogen can cause cervical cancer .
Myth 7. The high-calorie foods and dairy products trigger breast cancer.
Energy-dense foods leads to obesity, which leads not only to breast cancer, but also to other types of cancer. That reduces the risk of cancer? Scientists have shown that women who eat less, move more, not smoking, in short, lead a healthy lifestyle, is not susceptible to this disease. On the other hand, US researchers found no laws in power and the development of breast cancer.
As for dairy products, then there are two opinions. First, cottage cheese, sour cream, etc. useful for women during menopause to, because reduce the risk of breast cancer. But on postmenopausal women’s health is not affected.
Myth 8. Mammogram – Breast health guarantee.
Yes, a mammogram can detect breast cancer, but not prevent it. With the help of mammograms can detect breast cancer at an early stage. The earlier breast cancer is detected, the more successful will be the fight against it.
Myth 9: Mammograms – it hurts.
Mammogram procedure is a little uncomfortable. During her breasts pressed between two plastic plates. But it only lasts a few seconds.
Myth 10. Studies have shown the futility of mammograms.
These studies are applied in all countries. On the one hand, the Danish scientists believe that the role of regular mammography in the early detection of cancer is exaggerated. On the other hand, the American experts claim otherwise. In fact, everything depends on the competence of the radiologist. If the question “How many mammograms do you learn in a month?” The doctor answered, “300”, then you are in the hands of a true professional and a chance to get a reliable result is very high.