Myopia in the developed world is on the rise, according to the results of some serious studies in the past 40 years even doubled. It is not only for the (expected) problem of adults and the elderly, myopic is also more and more children. Would more frequent and earlier in life the need for glasses can also be linked with the use of computers, and in particular tablets and phones in early childhood? “Yes,” she responds prim., Asst., MSc. Dragica Kosec, MD. med., spec. Ophthalmology. “That’s why I always, when in the waiting room to see two-, three-year or even younger, how to prosecute the time with games on the mother’s or father’s phone is pressed. Children’s eyes to the greatest extent possible look at all corners and as much as a mile away! ”
Nature is very easy to take care of the development of our eyes. Children initially allocated foresight, such that the healthy growth of the movement as much as possible. Prim. Dragica Kosec: “Think about how you like to ‘catch’ the neonate and infant eye. In particular, what ‘gold aunt’ would do anything to make her look newcomer. However, he also works a disservice. The baby is so and so is not visible, but it is very tight, so he could make it. And this child is not well. His eyes until about the age of ‘made’ for watching around a mile away. Even so, parents who say how smart their plenicarji, arguing that they already know how to use the phone or computer, with children giving them these gadgets offer, no help to the healthy development. Children fall out in the fresh air. ”
Myopia is really on the rise?
The greatest risk factor for myopia is heredity. However, in recent years, numerous studies have demonstrated that it has an extremely important role in the environment lifestyle. The healthy development of the eye markedly affect the time that children spend in motion outside, on the other hand in the early formation of myopia and its progression can also be affected incorrect reading – very close and without intermediate breaks in adults but now increasingly common work “of close “, ie the continuing use of the computer and the like. And yet, our interlocutor recalls: “The results of the study should be taken with a slight margin. Sometimes short-sightedness nor not recognize them, because those who are perhaps more badly seen, but did not get the glasses. The biggest change has brought motorisation and television. If a few decades ago to less diopter, for example, to -1, and we did not need glasses is different today. In addition to the work it requires us driving a car or other means of transport, should be carefully looking at far, and, of course, television. Modern life in the developed world requires us to ‘appropriate’ vision. Even so it is now more myopic. As soon as they come after the glasses. ”
MYOPIA OR NEARSIGHTEDNESS IS A VISION DISORDER THAT OCCURS DUE TO THE IRREGULAR SHAPE OF THE EYEBALL. THIS IS ALONG THE LONGITUDINAL AXIS FOR TOO LONG, SO THE IMAGE SEEN BY THE EYE FOCUSES IN FRONT OF THE RETINA. AFFECTED EYE NORMALLY SEES THE IMAGE NEARBY OBJECTS, BUT CAN NOT FOCUS ON DISTANT IMAGES. THE CAUSE OF MYOPIA CAN ALSO BE MORE ROUNDED INTRAOCULAR LENS OR A STEEPER CORNEA. MYOPIA TREATED WITH DIVERGENT OR SPRAY (MINUS) LENSES, DIOPTER NEGATIVE.
“It has been shown that the healthy development of the eyes of the importance of natural light remarkable, because it contains the entire color spectrum by artificial light does not. From this perspective, it was Tesla’s incandescent lamp best. Well, today it is no more. However, the solution in motion outside, irrespective of the weather. A child who is climbing, running, catching, short eye used on all sides, is best protected from otherwise might be premature and too progressive myopia, “recalls prim. Dragica Kosec. Let the eyes necessarily protected with sunglasses? “First of all, it should be noted that sunglasses only supplement to protect against too much sun – in the first place, the shadow and the head required a hat or cap. Of course, the glasses recommended when the lighting is really shining, for example, on a sunny day on the snow or the middle of summer. However, it should be noted that the eye is never fully protected from UV radiation, regardless of how the quality of the glasses. And then these rays seep through into the enlarged pupil, which – at the excessive use – can cause even fatal injuries. So – evidence that the sunglasses in conjunction with myopia harm, for now I do not know. As for all, but also applies to them – a child by putting on the mind, not the fashion. ”
Around and in the open
“Premature and excessive use of the computer and too much sitting in the room today is one of the known factors that accelerate the progression of myopia. In this way the wasting of peripheral vision, as it is simply not used. If we look at the proximity of, viewed from the central part of vision when looking from a distance, one can see with peripheral vision. Both ways of seeing we need to share, just as in childhood, providing a natural stimulus for the growth of the eye. Children who spend most of their time there, especially those who mostly watch TV or play computer and even smaller aparaturicami do not have this, “she recalls oftalmologinja. Moreover, sometimes they lead to problems that are not their own, as they appear at first sight: “More and more often in case of children, they lead because of short-sightedness. A closer inspection shows that they really prescient. So they are not well seen not to close not far away, but because of (too) buljenja computer or tablet close yet so spanners eye that can play games. These children prescribe glasses in profit and they – or their parents – will send out on the air. It’s so that the children have to deal with. First, it must acquire peripheral vision, so look around. Even so it will be easier to teach traps; after all children from an early age most ‘secure’ home sits on the gaming carpet, you can not know. At the same time in this way all the time primarily used the central part of the visual field, which is in the development stage literally a disaster. “Therefore, the parents of the child learn to climb continues, first at home chair, then on viral and trees. During the climb will be constantly watching about how to help yourself. To be fished by their peers – so will have all the time to watch the whole neighborhood; who must escape and nowhere to go.
Reading – yes, but correctly
“I often see a male bookworms that parents lead due to problems with vision. Throughout the diagnosis with your child talks and just recently I have also talked with the girl, which continue to read. Of course, I did not say that it should not. Discuss it we how to read properly, “recounts his experiences prim. Dragica Kosec. “A child should never be read up close, but at the normal distance and good lighting. Are also important and regular breaks, such as at the ends of chapters. “The child (or adult!) To then release the whole visual apparatus facing away from the window, which should last at least 20 seconds. In the meantime, you may consider what he has read. “This means that we will also get – in this case, excellent – side effect. We all know that kids today too ‘piflajo’. If the pauses between reading on read also started to think, brings this so simple therapy that can prevent the forced kraktovidnost, the possibility of increase brainpower. ”