Biology is a natural science that studies the life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, evolution, distribution and taxonomy. Modern biology is huge and diverse area, comprising many disciplines and subdisciplines. However, despite biology as the science of wildlife is very diverse and covers many different areas, there are some general concepts and common of all the studies and research or merging into single, interconnected areas.
In general, cell biology is a basic component of life, genes are an essential component of heredity and evolution that participate in the synthesis and development of new types of organisms.
All organisms survive on ishranuvanje and transformation of energy, and by regulating their internal environment and maintain stable vital condition of the body.
Subdisciplinite of biology are defined by level of study of the types of organisms and methods used:biochemistry examines the structure ifunkcijata of biological molecules and metabolic and other cellular roads Organisms their interconnection, cell biology studies the basic gradbena unit of all living organisms – cell physiology examines the physical and chemical functions of tissues, organs and systems in the body, genetics the famous inheritance of the individuals and populations, as well as morphological genetic forms (structure and number of chromosomes), and molecular biologystudies the complex interactions between molecules in the cell.
Molecular biology is a branch of biology that studies the biological activity at the molecular level. This science mainly studies the interactions between the various systems in the cells that studies the formation, structure and function of the macromolecules essential for life (essential to life), such as nucleic acids (Deoxyribonucleic acid – DNA and ribonucleic acid – RNA) proteins, lipids and molecules that define the biological activity of the cell. Also study the regulation of interakciitepomegju DNA, RNA and proteins and their biosynthesis, as ipovrzuvanjeto other cells to create tissues, organs and whole organism.
Above all, molecular biology detail study the molecular basis of genetic processes (replication of cells and transfer of genetic information), the location of genes in specific chromosomes, linking the genes to specific Properties body and using recombinant DNA isolation, sequencing and modification specific genes.
Sèpovekje molecular biologists investigating the genetic control of these molecules in order to define developmental, cellular and subcellular changes that occur during the dynamic processes of life. This leads to an increasing development of molecular biology, which will seovozmozhi solving more problems to human health or detect prichiteli various diseases in humans.