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Ginecology Infections 

Orchitis, inflammation of the testicles, which is, what are the symptoms and how to help yourself?

Orhitis an inflammation of testicular tissue followed by pain in the testicle, but sometimes the pain may progress to inguinal region, perineum or lumbar region of the spine, presenting the scrotum with redness, heat and smoothing the skin. Find out what causes it and how themselves at home to deal with the symptoms of orchitis …



What can cause orchitis?

Orchitis is male disease affecting testicular, one or two. Triggers often are various types of infectious disease viruses and bacteria. Orchitis is often present in children who have mumps (mumps), but it can occur as a complication of many diseases such as, brucella, rheumatic fever, tifuz, pneumonia and others. Orchitis can also occur as a result of damage to the testicles of various types of trauma caused by blunt blows to the testicles or from open wounds that comes to grafting of any infections.Orchitis mostly children’s disease, but can occur in adults particularly as a result of complications of urinary infections, inflammation of the bladder, urethra, prostate, kidney and the like. A common manifestation of orchitis in adults but also in children may be acquiring pathogenic micro-organisms due to the use of a catheter or other interventions that are done through entering into the urethra.


What are the orchitis symptoms?

There are acute, subacute and chronic manifestations of orchitis.   The main symptom of orchitis is testicular pain or pain in the testicle, which can sometimes be the only symptom, and to manifest only when the testis will squeeze with your fingers. Boca often persists and is felt not only in the testis but a pain that comes from the inguinal canal (preponskiot channel respectively over the affected testicle, rarely both when busy both testicles) are often felt in the area of the perineum (megjichkata – the area between srotumot and rectum) or lumbar (vertebral) of the spine. The pain is usually followed by a general infective syndrome as easy fever (subfebrilnost), malaise, loss of appetite, lethargy, and sometimes nausea or diarrhea (diarrhea).


From a physical examination, orchitis, testicular who is busy mostly increased, the dimensions can vary. Increased testicle is a very painful and the child reacts violently trying to reach. Srotumot over the affected testicle, or if all are busy Reddened both testicles is usually very warm and smooth skin.This finding is usually sufficient to make a diagnosis of orchitis.


How is it treated?

The most important thing is to treat the cause of disease, to appropriate therapy according to etiology, if bacteria adequately giving antibiotics In most cases orchitis is a self-limiting disease and even to some extent, for eg mumps gives some atrophy of the testes rarely gives sterility. It is important to emphasize that when mumps much greater psychological fear of infertility than it really happens, but still need regular monitoring and treatment. Orchitis, especially if acute accompanied by much increased testicle or notably increased both testicles with vzharuvanje of srotumot, severe pain and other acute symptoms must be hospitalized, the patient to be placed on bed rest by putting cold compresses , giving infuziolni solutions, etiological treatment if required and regular monitoring.



Although it is rare however as we have said in orchitis can call one of the following complications:

– Atrophy of testis,   a complication that is observed frequently as a partial atrophy of testis and always accompanied by disorder of sexual function testiost or testicular particular atrophy of the testis can not affect the function but has only a psychological effect on the man or child. However full testicular atrophy can lead to its loss of sexual function, although this is a rare complication.

– Abscesses, some organisms in intake and inadequate treatment of orchitis, usually in a non compliance with the tips stationary treatment with antibiotics and resting of the patient, and testicular involvement with a highly pathogenic bacteria may cause creation of abscess. Abscess is a serious complication that often ends in amputation of Testino prevent infection does not spread further. Fortunately this complication is also not common.

– Chronic orchitis,   sometimes when orchitis is causing many acute clinical picture, or was not completely cured can pass in chronic orchitis. Chronic orchitis is inflammation of the testicles that lasts long weeks or months, and makes violent symptoms. Usually not give one general infectious syndrome that mentioned above, and the only symptom that may indicate chronic orchitis is a pain in the testicle, which is usually the one rarely both, but the pain does not occur constantly, often dull, that feels when you shake testicle between your fingers.



When a diagnosis is made measuring the testicle, testicular ultrasound and sometimes require biopsy of the testicle. Review testicular recommended as routine in some diseases which are often accompanied by orchitis such as parotitis. Every male child who is affected by the mumps virus need to be examined testicles because parotitis is a viral disease of which they often do orchitis or epididymis-orchitis (when coupled with inflammation of the testicles go and epididymitis). Fortunately vaccination incidence of mumps is very rare. It is important to note that there are many other diseases and conditions that can cause orchitis and istitot though rarely leaves serious consequences must be taken and adequately treated.


Self-orchitis in at home

If the clinical picture is severe the doctor will recommend rest and treatment orchitis at home with regular control. Here’s how at home the fastest to cure orchitis.

Most importantly standstill

To quickly correct health status of patients with orchitis must be resting and Vizichko activities even the most basic to be minimized. Thus is the most risk of staying on complications from orchitis.

cold packs

Ice placed in a sterile gauze is a good symptomatic cure. Hold this cold compress on the testicles.But beware, not pretruvajte do this several times a day for several minutes, but never lazy to put directly on the skin of the scrotum.


Clean and comfortable underwear

Underwear must be very pure or in bed testes to be covered with sterile gauze that will prevent dopolniteno exposure to external pathogens already exasperated scrotum. Tight boxers replace them with a broad underwear, because pressing the already inflamed testicles will only increase the pain and the risk of complications and the formation of abscess. Child best be put to bed in a cozy room a temperature, and testicles only covered with a sterile gauze and occasionally applying cold packs until symptoms completely withdraw.


Drinking plenty of water

Drinking plenty of water will help to shorten the time of illness. Drink water and teas in which larger quantities, this will reduce symptomatology and caused by general infectious syndrome above mentioned.

Dandelion tea

Dandelion tea proved to be very useful in orchitis caused by infection. It is necessary to drink every day 3 to 4 times in a glass.

regularly monitoring

Once you pass the whole symptomatology, it is necessary to re-do ultrasound and measurement of testicular check ups must be repeated several times. Consult your doctor about how often you should contact the medical check-up rehabilitation of orchitis.



Safe during sex relationship

Although many times you’ve listened and now you mention it in the context of orchitis, safe sex enables obstacles to passage of bacteria from one partner to another and care as the orchitis and many other urinary and systemic diseases. Therefore the use of condoms is a major prevention in adults.

Review your child

Good parents always alert to the health of their child. As we’ve mentioned many times before especially in the pubertal period it is sometimes the child routinely look from head pupils, the color of the tongue, lips, tonsils, lymph nodes, and skin all over the body and genital area. Any discoloration of the skin of the scrotum should be examined by a doctor every painful reaction of the child to the touch should be examined by a doctor. Samopregledot is also important, abdominal testes in pressure with your fingers always requires medical examination.


Finally, we summarize that although listed the numerous complications, orchitis is a self-limiting disease, which must be regularly monitored by a doctor and treated with rest and if possible etiological therapy. Consulting a pediatrician is important in children with orchitis, and consult a urologist when orchitis occur in adults.



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